– one of the oldest breeds of working dogs. The history of rock formation is complex and confusing, partly composed of researchers speculation and legends. However, most specialized experts believe that the Caucasian Shepherd, as well as representatives of many other large breeds are descended from the legendary primary Molossians – Tibetan mastiffs.
Many dog experts believe that the ancestors of the Caucasian sheep-dogs are also numerous Central Asian dogs that came to the Caucasus along with the nomadic pastoral tribes. In any case Caucasian Shepherd quickly gained popularity in the Caucasus: they were used as fighting, pickling, hunting, guard and, most importantly, herding dogs. From the outset Caucasian Shepherd differed incredible physique, steadfast character, courage and devotion. Of course, they are highly valued. Many Georgian aristocrats and princes portrayed Caucasian sheep on his family coat of arms.
There are several theories about the origin of the Caucasian shepherd dogs. The two most frequently mentioned but not confirmed version: on the canonical version, these dogs are descended from the so-called Tibetan mastiffs. In China they are called Tibetan etching dogs. The first mention of them belong to 1121 BC. It was then that one of these dogs were presented to the emperor of the Zhou Dynasty. According to the second version of the birthplace of these dogs is an ancient state of Urartu. There are images of dogs, very similar to the Caucasian shepherds who guarded the city and fortress of Urartu. The heyday of the state fell by 7 in. BC., it is possible to assume that these dogs are already in the 7th century BC. were in the Caucasus. In 1765, the Caucasian Shepherd has been used as a guard dog in the Turkish army. The Russian conquest of the Caucasus in a special order of command Caucasian shepherd dogs have been introduced to guard duty in all the fortresses of the theater of military operations. And today the Caucasian Shepherd are successfully working as a guard.
The strength and endurance of Caucasians are legendary.
It seems that this dog breed confirms the theory of the famous ethologist Konrad Lorenz about the “wolf” and “jackals” the origin of the domestic dog.
Strong dogs which had gained the love and respect, were in demand, and eventually settled on the expanses of Mongolia and other Asian areas. Their performance was rated the quality of nomadic pastoralists.
Subsequently, the animals entered the territory of Mesopotamia, and then to Greece, along with the troops and shopping carts.
As a result of the continuous migration of population, wars and trade routes, they gradually spread across the continent.
The main population of shepherds mastered the territory between the Caspian and Black Seas.
Features of the area – geographical, climatic, social, gradually formed a unique breed, unmatched by endurance and adaptability to the conditions of the terrain.
It was then and there was actually Caucasian Shepherd for many hundreds of years have not undergone almost no changes.
Determine the main function of the dog – help shepherd or shepherd to protect large herds of cattle from predators, mainly wolves, and that gave rise to its second title – the Caucasian wolfhound.
Caucasian Shepherd differed endurance and unprecedented adaptability. They easily withstand long and heavy passages in the mountains, and thanks to its thick wool feel comfortable even at the lowest temperatures. From year to year in the of the Caucasian breed woke up new qualities – strength, agility, the ability to make decisions in difficult situations, simplicity, desperate courage. In 1765, the year they were first used in the military – Russian commanders.
In the XVIII century the Caucasian sheep was used for police service. It is known that they were engaged in training specialists, whose main task was to train dogs subtleties of investigative work.
At the beginning of the last century, our heroes were in Europe – Caucasian Shepherd honored to participate in the German Federal Dog Show, which took place in Nuremberg. According to surviving documents and summaries of the local newspapers, created a furore among of European breeders. In the contest was attended by as many as 36 Caucasian Shepherd – almost all of them were rated as “excellent” or “very well”, ahead of St. Bernards, Newfoundlands and even “important German heritage” – Great Danes.
After the triumph about the Caucasian Shepherd started talking seriously. But because of the historical upheavals in Russia breed almost no developed. In the thirties of the last century, the gene pool of these dogs was in poor condition – sires almost was not, and representatives of the thoroughbred breed almost disappeared, having lost all of its impressive exterior.
During the First and then the Second World War, it has suffered a lot of dogs. Miraculously surviving until the time Caucasian Shepherd – is no exception. But thanks to the efforts of dog handlers managed to bring back to life.
At the level of the Soviet government, it was decided to organize specialized nurseries. As a result, the gene pool of the Caucasian Shepherd has been restored and developed in just ten years. In 1970 Caucasians again shone in the exhibition – this time in Paris: dogs greeted with thunderous applause, and was seen off at the level of world champions.
The official international standard for Caucasians was approved in 1990. Meets the stringent requirements of the Caucasian Shepherd dog in the photo has a coarse and thick fur, which is shorter and denser on the head and front sides of the legs. In the same year the breed was recognized by the International Association of breeders. Currently mining giants continue to serve in the most dangerous parts of the world, save lives and are excellent pets, despite its impressive dimensions and vigilant service instincts.
Caucasian Shepherd – the oldest working dogs. Researchers breed and historians believe that this breed more than two thousand years. Moreover, due to natural selection over the past millennium, the appearance of the Caucasus has not changed.